The Supreme Court is the highest court where the President of the Supreme Court, acts as the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court has power to try and adjudicate cases which are appealed on judgments or orders rendered by the Courts of Appeal in accordance with the provision of the Dika Appeal, and caseswhich are under the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court as prescribed by the special law. There is only one Supreme Court in Thailand which is located in Bangkok. The ordinary quorum in the Supreme Court consists of three justices of the Supreme Court. However, in special cases where there are important issues, whether factual or legal issues, and the President of the Supreme Court deems it appropriate to bring the case to be adjudicated by the plenary session of the Supreme Court, the President of the Supreme Court therefore has authority to bringsuch cases to be adjudicated by the plenary session of the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court Bench, 1997 - 2014
The 2017 Constitution also designates several duties to the Supreme Court including being a trial court in adjudicating a case of Persons Holding Political Positions under Section 195, the selection of three justices of the Supreme Court by the general meeting of the Supreme Court to be justices of the Constitution Court under Section 200 (1), and nomination of two qualified persons by the general meeting of the Supreme Court to the Chairman of the House of Senate for the selection of an Election Commissionery under Section 222 (2)
The Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand